KOH-I-NOOR HARDTMUTH is one of the world's most famous manufacturers of premium accessories for artists, supplies for school, office and hobby.
Koh-i-noor pens are the basis of the industry of painting equipment, form the base of production tradition since 1790. The production combines soft clays and pure, fine graphite powder, which achieves more than 20 shades of mine, ranging from 8B to 10H.
Such a marking of graduation for pencils has been used for the first time in Koh-i-noor for pencil 1500 from 1888. And from then it has been a world standard. But the conventional attitude that H stands for Hard, B for Black, and F for Fine is not true.
“H” means Hardtmuth, which is the surname of the founder Josef Hardtmuth.
“B” means Budweis – German name for České Budĕjovice, where Koh-i-noor is situated.
“F” is Franz Hardtmuth, the grandson of the founder of Koh-i-noor and the founder of the modern process of production of graphite pencils in different gradations.
Check all graphite pencils here!
Carbon and chalk
Techniques of carbon and chalk can be combined with each other, drawing by chalk over carbon, coal can be lightened and vice versa, chalk can be darkened using carbon.
The term 'crayons' is usually associated with children and their school activities, however, with crayons may arise a masterpiece. They are mostly used by illustrators and artists sketching their future works. Special modifications in production of some kinds of pencils make them soluble in water, which gives the effect of aquarel - Mondeluz Aquarelle crayons and Progresso Aquarell woodless crayons
More about KOH-i-NOOR crayons: Polycolor, Mondeluz, Progresso Aquarell
The history of ink drawing reaches far into the past. Evidences can be found in Egyptian ink drawings which are preserved on limestone, painted in red and black ink with a brush. Over time the ink technique was developed and improved, and the most famous artists who have used this technique are Rembrandt and Van Gogh.
We offer KOH-I-NOOR Indian ink in 6 different colors – check our offer here!
The technique of pastels was developed in the Renaissance period, and since then it has been one of the most widespread and popular techniques. It is used for sketching or direct working. Dry soft pastels leave powdery trace and are easy to stretch, which is extremely important in this technique. The main feature of soft pastels is soft and smooth changes. Soft pastels are less resistant than oil, but leave the more fragile, airy effect. Oil pastels leave the effect of oil paint.
KOH-I-NOOR offers: Toison D'or soft pastels, Gioconda soft pastels in pen, Gioconda hard pastels, Gioconda oil pastels and Wax Aquarell pastels which together with water make aquarelle effect.
How to paint in pastel technique? Look here!
Aquarelle technique goes back almost to prehistoric times, as people painted on the walls of caves, a stretches through the Egyptian illustrations on papyrus to the Renaissance when the great artists such as Leonardo and Raphael used them for sketching its frescoes. In the 20th century, with the development of the colored magazines, it has become popular among illustrators, and today is considered an indispensable technique in the education of artists. KOH-I-NOOR aquarelle has clean airy shades. Check the aquarelle offer here!
Tempera dates back to the Ptolemejević era, when they were used for painting Greek and Egyptian mummies. In the beginning, tempera was made by mixing egg and gumiarabica from where it got its name, in translation, lat. temperare which means to mix. The combination of ingredients for tempera has changed over the years, and today a composition is similar to that of aquarelle. Pigments are mixed with oils to emulsion and thicken by silicone.
The worlds’ most famous masterpiece painted this technique is Leonardo da Vinci's "Last Supper" in the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan.
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The discovery of oil on canvas attributes to the Flemish artist Jan van Eyck, the painter from the first half of the 15th century. Oil paints had arisen before; however, van Eyck was the first painter who brought this technique to perfection. Oil paints were used by famous artists such as Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, Caravaggio and many others. Technique of oil painting is certainly the most classic and most popular techniques in fine arts.
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Acrylic is detected in mid-19th century, but has not been widely used until the beginning of the 20th century. American artists have especially favored it because of the possibility of layer and texture compositing after drying and the inability of the two shades to mix. Acrylic has become the main medium of expression in pop art. Today, acrylic is used in abstract realistic and graphic works, but also in combination with other techniques such as oils, pastels and pencils.
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KOH-I-NOOR products are made from high-quality and carefully selected materials. None of the ingredients used in the production does not contain toxic nor in a different way damaging substance and for that reason, the final product is suitable for all age groups.